Problem1005--【2012四川省热身赛】Problem B. How Many Roads?

1005: 【2012四川省热身赛】Problem B. How Many Roads?

Time Limit: 1 Sec  Memory Limit: 32 MB
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Description

As a director of cities transportation construction, Elfness is given a mission to connect n cities by
a lot of roads. Of course, the more roads to be built, the more convenient it would be. But if there
are two roads cross each other, traffic accidents may happen. So it means on Elfness’s ACM(All
Cities’ Map), there are no cross roads. And now, Elfness wants to know how many roads can be
built at most(Attention: a road won’t have to be a segment, it can be a straight line or a ray)?

Input

The first line of input is a single number T(T < 1000),means the number of test cases.Then T
cases followed, each case contains only one line with a single number n(0 < n ≤ 108),the number
of cities.

Output

For each test case,you should output one line. First, output “Case #t: ”, t means the number
of the test case which is from 1 to T. Then, output an integer indicates the maximal number of
roads can be built.

Sample Input Copy

3
1
2
3

Sample Output Copy

Case #1: 0
Case #2: 1
Case #3: 3